New VED Highway Tax: 2018 UK Automotive Tax Adjustments Defined

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On 1 April 2017, the Authorities launched a brand new set of car excise obligation (VED) bands, affecting all new automotive patrons. 

The brand new charges led to larger first-year charges for all vehicles, plus changed subsequent charges with a blanket £140 payment. Solely electrical and different zero-emissions vehicles at the moment are tax-exempt, with diesel and petrol vehicles on common costlier to tax. 

Then, in November 2017, the Authorities introduced additional adjustments to the VED charges, with patrons of recent diesel vehicles from April 2018 going through larger charges if their vehicles don’t meet the present Euro 6 emissions requirements in each laboratory and real-world exams. 

But extra adjustments are due in February 2020, when the premise for VED and firm automotive Profit in Sort (BiK) charges switches from present emissions standards to a brand new, stricter system. 

Learn on for a full information to the brand new automobile tax charge adjustments… 

Highway tax adjustments from April 2018

Within the Autumn Funds, Chancellor Philip Hammond introduced that every one new diesel vehicles from 1 April 2018 will face going up a VED band in the event that they fail to satisfy the most recent Euro 6 requirements underneath real-world testing. 

New vehicles must meet the actual driving emissions (RDE) step 2 check that kinds half of the present EU kind approval course of. This implies new vehicles can pollute as much as 1.5 instances the present 80mg/km NOx restrict underneath real-world driving if they’re to keep away from going up a tax band. 

In response to the Treasury’s estimates, lower than two million vehicles can be topic to the VED band soar, although vehicles just like the Ford Fiesta are anticipated to see a £20 rise within the first-year VED charges. Larger polluting fashions, just like the Porsche Cayenne are anticipated to see their first 12 months charges go up by £500. 

The adjustments solely apply to new diesel vehicles, not vans, and don’t influence the next £140 yearly charges all vehicles should pay after the primary 12 months. The desk beneath reveals how the brand new charges will work. Any automotive failing to satisfy the Euro 6 standars in actual world testing would transfer up a band, and thus pay something from £15 to £500 extra in first 12 months charges. 

New diesel tax bands from April 2018

CO2 emissions (g/km) Present first 12 months VED charges First 12 months VED charges for diesels purchased from April 2018 not assembly actual world Euro 6 requirements 
zero £zero N/A
1 – 50 £10 £25
51 – 75 £25 £100
76 – 90 £100 £120
91 – 100 £120 £140
101 – 110 £140 £160
111 – 130 £160 £200
131 – 150 £200 £500
151 – 170 £500 £800
171 – 190 £800 £1,200
191 – 225 £1,200 £1,700
226 – 255 £1,700 £2,000
Over 255 £2,000 TBA

VED highway tax and BiK adjustments 2020 defined

From 6 February 2020, the way in which highway tax (VED) and firm automotive Profit in Sort (BiK) charges are calculated will change. On that date, the Authorities plans to change the way in which it measures CO2 emissions (on which each tax charges are primarily based) from outgoing NEDC standards to new, stricter, WLTP exams.

These new guidelines are more likely to end in elevated taxes for shoppers, as CO2 emissions, when measured underneath WLTP standards, are usually larger than when measured towards the outgoing NEDC system. 

A recently-launched session doc on the topic stated: “We’re proposing that the change-over to WLTP particular CO2 emissions ought to happen from 6 April 2020. This can align with using the brand new CO2 figures for VED and firm automotive taxation functions.” 

April 2017 tax adjustments defined

Again within the good previous days with the earlier VED tax system, numerous new automotive patrons had been paying a surprisingly small sum of money to tax their automotive and plenty of small diesel vehicles had been utterly tax free. Ex-Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne realised this, noticed potential for the Authorities to generate hundreds of thousands of kilos of revenue, and so set about implementing the brand new system – rising the price of motoring for lots of motorists.

  • Information to UK highway tax bands

The present charges will be certain that most new vehicles are subjected to a major improve of their first-year tax calls for, after which a flat charge of £140 will apply every year. In the meantime if you buy an “alternatively fuelled” automotive (for instance a hybrid, or one thing that runs on LPG or bioethanol), you’ll pay £10 much less in your first 12 months of tax after which £130p/a thereafter.

And in the event you’re involved about your present automotive, don’t be: so long as it was registered earlier than 1st April 2017, the adjustments gained’t apply.

Fewer vehicles now exempt from VED tax

In contrast to the previous system, the place low-emission petrol and diesel vehicles had been tax exempt, the present VED system is simply be free for automobiles with no tailpipe emissions – meaning electrical and hydrogen vehicles solely. That is not all, although, as there is a new five-year complement to pay for vehicles costing greater than £40,000, which is priced at £310 per 12 months and begins within the second 12 months of registration.

The Auto Specific client group discovered that almost all new automotive patrons stand to lose out underneath the present system. We calculated the tax hike impacts smaller, extra economical vehicles essentially the most, with some homeowners paying as much as 9 instances greater than they might have underneath the previous system. 

Homeowners of upper polluting automobiles may also pay extra underneath the present legal guidelines, however face a decrease improve proportionally talking. It is essential to notice that the present tax charges solely apply to vehicles registered after 1 April 2017. Automobiles registered earlier than will proceed to pay the previous charges. 

For instance, homeowners of a brand new Peugeot 208 1.2 PureTech used to pay £20 a 12 months, however now pay £140. As our desk (beneath) reveals, potential patrons will see payments improve nine-fold over three years. 

But whereas first 12 months charges for a better polluting automotive like Honda’s CR-V 2.0i VTEC SE have gone up from £300 to £800 underneath the present regime, annual tax drops by £70 from the previous £210 – making the CR-V a extra engaging nearly-new purchase after April 2017 than it’s was earlier than. Throughout three years of CR-V possession, that works out to a complete tax rise of simply 50 per cent. 

Highest proportionate improve

CO2 emissions

Present First 12 months Charge New First 12 months Charge Three years’ tax present charge Three years’ tax new charges % change three 12 months possession

Peugeot 208 1.2 PureTech (82) Attract






Ford C-Max 1.5TDCi (120) Zetec







VW Passat 1.6 TDI S







Nissan Qashqai 1.6 dCi  (130) N-Connecta






Lowest proportionate improve


SEAT Alhambra 1.four TSI (150)




Ford Mondeo 1.5 EcoBoost Titanium













Jaguar XE 2.0i R-Sport (auto)













Toyota Verso 1.6 V-Matic Icon



Honda CR-V i-VTEC SE 4WD


• Firm automotive tax guidelines 2017

Learn on for a extra detailed rationalization of the highway tax adjustments, why they’re going down, and to see the financial savings you may be making earlier than the switchover. 

Do not forget to observe Auto Express on Twitter and like our Fb web page for the most recent automotive information, options and recommendation.

The reality behind the 2017 highway tax band adjustments

The previous highway tax regime price the Exchequer a packet as carmakers took benefit of the previous VED charges that favoured low-emissions vehicles. 

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Actually, it’s reckoned quarter of recent vehicles registered in 2016 did not pay any highway tax in any respect as they fell into VED Band A for automobiles with CO2 emissions of lower than 100g/km.

Earlier than the present regime was launched, vehicles needed to attain Band D (121-130g/km) earlier than any vital annual highway tax was charged. The chancellor  deemed the scenario ‘unsustainable’.

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What are the 2017 highway tax adjustments intimately?

Automobiles registered after 1 April 2017 pay a one-off tax cost for the primary 12 months, with charges determined by a CO2-based tax band system.

The changes in comparison with the pre-April 2017 tax bands imply most new automotive patrons will see their first-year tax cost nearly doubled, whereas solely zero-emissions automobiles will get away with paying nothing in any respect.

From the second 12 months of possession onwards, the CO2 scale turns into irrelevant, as two flat charges will then be utilized – a £zero (zero) VED charge for zero-emissions automobiles solely, and a flat annual charge of £140 for all different vehicles.

New VED highway tax: 2018 UK automotive tax adjustments defined Image Picture Photo PNG JPG JPEG GIF All Size Format HD Free Download Latest Wallpaper Icon Logo High Resolution

Though vehicles costing over £40,000 may also be chargeable for the £140 VED charge from 12 months two, at that time they may also be pressured to pay a further annual ‘complement’ of £310 for 5 years. 

Meaning costly £40okay+ zero-emissions vehicles will not get away with a free experience, as they’ll should pay the £310 complement. All the pieces else within the £40okay+ bracket pays £450 a 12 months (£310 complement + £140 flat charge) till that five-year interval is over and so they revert to the £140 flat charge.

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In case your automotive is alternatively fuelled (vehicles which are hybrids or run on bioethanol or LPG), then your guidelines are barely completely different. Emissions guidelines nonetheless apply, however £10 is shaved each your first 12 months charge and annual flat charge. So, for instance, a Toyota Prius Enterprise Version emits 70g/km of CO2, so the tax man will cost you £15 for the primary 12 months, then £130 for yearly after (quite than £25 for the primary 12 months after which £140 thereafter like a petroleum/diesel automotive that emits the identical quantity).

What automotive tax band is your automotive in?

VED tax bands: April 2017 onwards: desk

VED automotive tax bands for vehicles first registered from 2017 onwards
Emissions (g/km of CO2) First 12 months petrol/diesel charge Normal petrol/diesel charge First 12 months various gasoline charge Normal various gasoline charge
zero £zero £zero £zero £zero
1-50 £10 £140 £zero £130
51-75 £25 £15
76-90 £100 £90
91-100 £120 £110
101-110 £140 £130
111-130 £160 £150
131-150 £200 £190
151-170 £500 £490
171-190 £800 £790
191-225 £1,200 £1,190
226-255 £1,700 £1,690
Over 255 £2,000 £1,990
Automobiles above £40,000 pay £310 annual complement for 5 years from the second 12 months of registration.

Outdated (pre-April 2017) automobile VED tax bands: desk 

VED Band CO2 Emissions Annual charge First 12 months charge
A As much as 100 g/km £zero £zero
B 101-110 g/km £20 £zero
C 111-120 g/km £30 £zero
D 121-130 g/km £110 £zero
E 131-140 g/km £130 £130
F 141-150 g/km £145 £145
G 151-165 g/km £185 £185
H 166-175 g/km £210 £300
I 176-185 g/km £230 £355
J 186-200 g/km £270 £500
Ok* 201-225 g/km £295 £650
L 226-255 g/km £500 £885
M Over 255 g/km £515 £1,120

What do 2017 highway tax adjustments imply for vehicles already registered?

Automobiles registered earlier than April 2017 will proceed to pay the present VED charges even when they modify homeowners. Happily for homeowners, the present charges for CO2 bands are way more beneficial to lower-polluting automobiles. 

The present UK highway tax guidelines defined

Whereas the 2017 VED charge shake-up will have an effect on numerous motorists, the system for gathering and implementing highway tax shouldn’t be being modified once more.

The 2014 overhaul of the highway tax preparations ended the tax disc’s 93-year reign and has already made the entire system cheaper to run. There’s a catch, nevertheless, as you will discover out beneath.

New VED highway tax: 2018 UK automotive tax adjustments defined Image Picture Photo PNG JPG JPEG GIF All Size Format HD Free Download Latest Wallpaper Icon Logo High Resolution

The present highway tax set-up additionally makes it more durable for these looking for to keep away from paying highway tax. Relatively than the visible verify that the tax disc made potential, the authorities now depend on number-plate recognition cameras to find out automobile has been taxed. 

Change to direct debit – don’t danger being caught with no highway tax

Though it’s not a requirement to show a tax disc in your windscreen, this doesn’t imply you don’t should pay automotive. The DVLA will ship you a reminder when your highway tax is up for renewal within the time-honoured style, and you may proceed to pay your highway tax on-line, over the telephone or on the Publish Workplace. 

The highway tax worth bands stay the identical, as do the present choices of paying for 12 or 6 months tax upfront however there’s additionally the choice of paying your automotive tax month-to-month. This new month-to-month choice arrives in tandem with the power to pay your highway tax by Direct Debit.

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Drivers paying in month-to-month installments from their financial institution accounts can be topic to a 5% surcharge on high of the highway tax worth itself. That’s lower than the 10% that’s added once you pay for six months tax, an choice at present utilized by 23% of motorists. Solely the one-off annual cost comes with no additional prices.

The important thing benefit of paying your automotive tax by Direct Debit is that the DVLA will proceed taking the funds till you inform them to cease. It implies that though you’ll not have an expiry date on the disc caught to your windscreen, you’ll not want to recollect it anyway. Your tax can be renewed routinely, and you will get on with extra thrilling stuff – like remembering your MOT.

What occurs to your highway tax once you promote your automotive?

Underneath the brand new automotive tax system, any remaining highway tax is not going to switch to the brand new proprietor with the automobile. As an alternative, the vendor can get a highway tax refund on any tax remaining on the automobile, whereas the customer has to pay to re-tax the automotive. 

The tax refund on a offered automotive can be despatched routinely when the DVLA receives notification that the automotive has been offered, scrapped, exported or taken off the highway with a Statutory Off Highway Notification (SORN).

Sellers are anticipated to tell the DVLA of any change of possession immediately or face a £1,000 positive. In the event that they don’t, they may additionally nonetheless be chargeable for dashing or parking fines incurred by the brand new proprietor.

Info on whether or not or not a automotive is taxed is offered on-line by way of the Authorities web site. All you want is the make and mannequin of the automotive plus the registration quantity.

Is there a catch to the Car Excise Obligation regime?

To this point, so good for the brand new highway tax system however as typically appears to be the case, there’s a catch.

The issue that is getting motorists riled centres across the refund you get on excellent highway tax once you promote your automotive. When possession of a automobile is transferred the earlier proprietor will get a refund on any excellent highway tax however that refund is calculated from the start of the following month. The brand new proprietor, alternatively, has to tax the automotive anew and their invoice is calculated from the start of the present month.

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What this implies is that the Authorities successfully collects two a number of tax on the automotive for the month the place possession is transferred, one from the brand new proprietor who pays for that month and one from the earlier proprietor who doesn’t get the tax for that month included of their refund. It is sneaky stuff and may give a helpful enhance to the exchequer, however on the expense of motorists.

Click on by way of to web page 2 to search out which vehicles will price extra to tax after April 1st and which is able to price much less…

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